Judaism - Israel - Palestine - Part VII
NOTE: A Link to the next Part of
this writing is at the bottom of the writing and succeeding parts will have a
similar link to the next Part at their conclusion. (except where the next part isn’t written and
The Jewish Virtual Library – has a
mainstream view of 1967’s: “The Six Day War”.
Israel consistently expressed a desire to negotiate with its
neighbors. In an address to the UN General
Assembly on October 10,
1960, Foreign Minister Golda Meir challenged Arab leaders to meet with Prime
Minister David Ben-Gurion to negotiate a peace settlement. Egyptian
President Gamal Abdel Nasser answered on October 15, saying that Israel was trying
to deceive world opinion and reiterating that his country would never recognize
the Jewish State. (1)
The Arabs were equally adamant in their refusal to negotiate a separate
settlement for the refugees. As Nasser told the United Arab Republic National
Assembly on March 26, 1964:
Israel and the imperialism around us, which confront us,
are two separate things. There have been attempts to separate them, in order to
break up the problems and present them in an imaginary light as if the problem
of Israel is the problem of the refugees, by the solution of which the problem
of Palestine will also be solved and no residue of the problem will remain. The
danger of Israel lies in the very existence of Israel as it is in the present
and in what she represents. (2)
1965, Arab leaders and their military and intelligence chiefs met secretly at
the Casablanca Hotel in Morocco to discuss whether they were ready to
go to war against Israel and, if so, whether they should create a joint Arab
command. The host of the meeting, King Hassan
not trust his Arab League guests and initially planned to allow a joint Shin Bet-Mossad unit
known as “The Birds” to spy on the conference. A day before the conference was
scheduled to begin, however, the king told them to leave out of fear they would
be noticed by the Arab guests. Hassan secretly recorded the meeting and gave it
to the Israelis, who learned the Arabs were gearing up for war, but were
divided and unprepared.
different perspective was expressed by another knowledgeable Israeli Jewish
Professor Meron Medzini served as the
Director of Israel’s Government Press Office (GPO) in Jerusalem during the
Six-Day War. …
In the mid-1960s Israel was suffering from a major
economic recession with unemployment at 10 per cent, and morale so low that
people joked that the last person to leave the airport should please turn out
the lights. The ruling party Mapai was taking a beating in opinion polls,
especially from a new breakaway part called Rafi, which was headed by Shimon
Peres and Moshe Dayan. In general, though, Israel simply did not feature in the
Early in 1967, there was little sense that something
was about to erupt. In April, the IDF intelligence branch assessed that the
earliest war was possible was in 1970-71. …
On 23 May, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser
announced the re-imposition of the blockade on the Straits of Tiran, which the
Prime Minister’s Chief of Bureau told me caused Eshkol to say
“kinderlach, (children), this is war”. …
The journalists realised that the IDF’s mobilisation
could not continue indefinitely without the economy collapsing. …
A day or two later, Ben-Gurion said Israel should give back all
the territories apart from East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
The story I summarized with some bits and pieces is NOT one of
Israel under direct threat of attack. It
is instead deliberate deception where Israel, through the media, “hoodwinked”
the public, which resulted in Israel’s military initially destroying the
Egyptian air force and seizing all of Jerusalem, The West Bank, The Golan
Heights, Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula.
The 1967 War – was a “HUGE” Triumph for those – wanting Israel
100% and a HUGE Disaster for the Palestinian People.
Personally – I was sent at the last minute – with my maternal grandfather
for a tour in August, 1968 – which was meaningful for me at age 17. We were the first Jewish Tour to have part
of us stay in a hotel in East Jerusalem.
The only other participant under about 70, was a young lady of perhaps
I walked in the darkness each evening to meet her at the King
David Hotel in West Jerusalem. I never
saw Palestinian People until she and I were in the Old City – they were
asleep. I didn’t feel any danger – fear
– whatsoever. No others – did what I
The Old City was fascinating!
There was so much for sale – from Jordan and other parts of the Middle
East – as well as locally made things – and they were bargained for usually and
I remember the young Palestinian Boys – when we were in The West
Bank – seeking to sell us – chewing gum – and similar and begging.
It was a “safe time” in so many ways – for me as a Jew – and a
period where I was totally innocent.
Why were the Palestinians – kind to me as well as simply
tolerating me without complaints. Where
was the violence?
Obvious answer: There was No Threat!
Israeli Soldier approaching The Dome of the Rock
A Most Holy Site for Muslims - in The Old City - Jerusalem
Pieces of the 1973 War – from:
Egypt and Syria launched the
October War on October 6, 1973. The Egyptian-Syrian partnership was limited.
Syria’s President Hafez al-Assad did not fully share Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat’s war aims. Sadat had in mind a limited war, a crossing of the Suez
Canal, and the establishment of an Egyptian presence on the canal’s eastern
bank in order to force Israel and the United States to enter into a diplomatic
process designed to redress the consequences of the 1967 Six-Day War. he
initial attack was unexpectedly successful. …The October War inflicted a
national trauma on Israel. The intelligence failure, the surprise, the weak
performance of the Israel Defense Forces during the war’s first few days, the
large number of casualties, the dependence on resupply from the United States,
and the huge economic cost mobilized the Israeli public against the Golda Meir
government. There was a recognition that the massive victory of 1967 created in
Israel a hubris that contributed to the setback of 1973. It also realized that
the war could have been prevented had Israel accepted Sadat’s peace feelers
between 1971 and 1973. …
The post-October War diplomacy, led
by the U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, also marked the beginning of an
Arab-Israeli peace process. All previous efforts to settle the conflict,
beginning in 1948, were short-lived and unsuccessful.
It should be noted that “The Peace Process” –
was: Israel, Egypt and Jordan. https://www.refworld.org/reference/countryrep/mrgi/2008/en/65027
constitute around half of the population, they remain vastly under-represented
in Jordanian government. Nine of the 55 Senators appointed by the king are
Palestinian, and in the 110-seat Chamber of Deputies, Palestinians have only 18
seats. Of Jordan's 12 governates, none are led by Palestinians.
The Palestinians – with No Army, No Air Force,
No Navy – didn’t have a seat at the Table.
Syria – became – “The Enemy” in important ways for Israel, while Jordan
and Egypt were new allies.
Part VIII - continues here: